2 edition of Intramuscular fatty acid mobilization in isolated, in situ, dog skeletal muscle.. found in the catalog.
Intramuscular fatty acid mobilization in isolated, in situ, dog skeletal muscle..
Edward T. Howley
Written in English
|Series||[Oregon. University. School of Health, Physical Education, and Recreation. Microform publications]|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||viii, 85,  l.|
|Number of Pages||85|
Margetak C., , , , , Fatty acid composition of phospholipids and in the central and external positions of triacyglycerol in muscle and subcutaneous fat of beef steers fed diets supplemented with oil containing n6 and n3 fatty acids while undergoing one of three 48 h feed withdrawal treatments. Muscle Contraction Subject Areas on Research.
Glycerol injection directly into the skeletal muscle appeared to be the best way to obtain high fat deposition that was stable 1 month after treatment. This model has been reported in only two papers in a skeletal muscle context [36, 37]. Glycerol induced myofiber damage, followed by clear areas of muscle regeneration accompanied by significant. Thoroughbred horses have been selected for exceptional racing performance resulting in system-wide structural and functional adaptations contributing to elite athletic phenotypes. Because selection has been recent and intense in a closed population that stems from a small number of founder animals Thoroughbreds represent a unique population within .
Skeletal muscle. One of the most widely used tissues for electrotransfer is skeletal muscle. The DNA electrotransfer into skeletal muscle was discovered independently by three teams [8, 9, 52]. Indeed, skeletal muscle offers many advantages: a large, easy access;. muscle skeletal. Medical Information Search. English. English Español Português Français Italiano Svenska Deutsch.
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Get this from a library. Intramuscular fatty acid mobilization in isolated, in situ, dog skeletal muscle. [Edward T Howley]. Author of Exercise physiology, Health fitness instructor's handbook, Ready notes to accompany Exercise physiology, Exercise physiology, Intramuscular fatty acid mobilization in isolated, in situ, dog skeletal muscle., Excercise Physiology, The Health Fitness Handbook, Exercise Physiology.
9. Fatty acid uptake and oxidation in skeletal muscle. Although mobilizing fatty acids from their triglyceride storage sites is the first crucial step for using fat as a fuel during exercise, these fatty acids must still be transported into skeletal muscle and then to the mitochondria before being by: In addition, even in obese humans this depot constitutes a small proportion of total body fat mass.
Therefore, most fatty acids delivered to the systemic circulation (i.e. most of the fatty acids that skeletal muscle is exposed to during exercise) are derived from subcutaneous adipose by: Decrements in fatty acid oxidation (FAO) have been reported with obesity in models ranging from whole body measurements to isolated skeletal muscle.
Introduction. Skeletal muscle, a metabolically active tissue, accounts for approximately 40% of body weight (for details see Chapter 1: Human Body Composition and Muscle Mass) and is thus a major component responsible for the maintenance of energy substrate contractile activity of myocytes requires continuous energy supply.
Following hydrolysis of stored TG, non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) leave the adipocyte and enter the plasma. Unlike tissues such as skeletal muscle which extract plasma NEFA, in adipose tissue the flow of fatty acids across the cell membrane is bi-directional, outward in times of net fat mobilization such as fasting and exercise, and inward.
Barclay, JK & Stainsby, WN () Intramuscular lipid store utilization by contracting dog skeletal muscle in situ. American Journal of Physiology– Bassingthwaighte, JB, Noodleman, L, van der Vusse, GJ & Glatz, JFC () Modeling of palmitate transport in the heart.
The studies of A. Hill (14) in isolated muscle showed that at a pH of muscles ceased to produce lactic acid in response to repeated stimulation. It has been established that plasma unesterified long chain fatty acids (FFA) are a major substrate used as an energy source by skeletal muscle during prolonged submaximal activity [5, 6, 19, 24].
The ability of the muscle to take advantage of this potential energy depends upon the capacity to activate, transport and oxidize these intramuscular.
Lipolysis and mobilization of fatty acids from adipose tissue induces a dramatic increase of the free fatty acid concentration in the blood. That these fatty acids are taken up by the liver is suggested by the similar composition of fatty acids in the liver and the adipose tissue of.
Multivariate analysis of muscle fiber characteristics, intramuscular fat content and fatty acid composition in porcine longissimus thoracis muscle. Livestock Science, DOI: / Plus, the book features a better organization with a heavier focus on exercise prescription; new chapters on metabolic costs of physical activity, weight management, and exercise prescription for special populations; new in-text reviews linked to learning objectives; and case studies for every chapter."--Jacket.
The interplay of gut microbiota, host metabolism, and metabolic health has gained increased attention. Gut microbiota may play a regulatory role in gastrointestinal health, substrate metabolism, and peripheral tissues including adipose tissue, skeletal muscle, liver, and pancreas via its metabolites short-chain fatty acids (SCFA).
Animal and human data demonstrated that. This article reviews the effects of acute and chronic exercise on the fatty-acid composition of animal and human tissues (plasma, skeletal muscle, heart, adipose tissue, liver, artery and erythrocytes), as reported in 68 studies spanning four decades.
Introduction: Dietary fatty acid (FA) intakes have been associated with skeletal muscle mass, 1‐2 but the importance of n‐6 FAs is underexplored.
This study investigated associations of n‐6 plasma phospholipid (PPL) FAs, C‐reactive protein (CRP; a biomarker of inflammation), and fat‐free mass (FFM; a proxy for skeletal muscle mass) in.
Björntorp, P () Fatty acids, hyperinsulinemia, and insulin resistance: which comes first. Current Opinion in Lipidology 5, – Bülow, J, Astrup, A, Christensen, NJ & Kastrup, J () Blood flow in skin, subcutaneous adipose tissue and skeletal muscle in the forearm of normal man during an oral glucose load.
Blood and tissue changes in the dog during and after excessive free fatty acid mobilization. A biochemical and morphological study. High glycogen levels enhance glycogen breakdown in isolated contracting skeletal muscle.
studies of ammonia production by skeletal muscle in situ and in perfused preparations. About The Book This book is the result of the 2nd International Symposium on Energy and Protein Metabolism and Nutrition. Effects of a diet enriched in trans fatty acids (trans MUFA) on muscle mitochondrial functions and development of insulin resistance in rodents Regional specifities in transcriptomic profiles of adipocytes isolated.
skeletal muscle, by virtue of its contribution to total body mass, is a predominant site of substrate disposal. As such, dysregulated metabolism in this tissue can have profound deleterious effects on whole body energy homeostasis and is associated with metabolic disorders such as obesity, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes.
Carbohydrate depletion precipitates fatigue in skeletal muscle, but, because pyruvate provides both acetyl-CoA for mainline oxidation and anaplerotic carbon to the citric acid cycle (CAC), the mechanism remains obscure.
Thus pyruvate and CAC kinetic parameters were independently quantified in mitochondria isolated from rat mixed skeletal muscle. A 31P-n.m.r. study of the acute effects of beta-blockade on the bioenergetics of skeletal muscle during contraction.
R A Challiss, D J fatty acid or lactate concentrations in comparison with values obtained in control experiments. The effect of beta-adrenergic receptor blockade on intramuscular glycogen mobilization during exercise in.The importance of circulatory glucose as a fuel for skeletal muscle and heart during sustained swimming and as a glycogenic substrate for skeletal muscle during exercise-recovery was examined.
In vivo glucose utilization, using ¹⁴C-2 deox4yglucose (¹⁴CDG), in swimming trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and carp (Cyprinus carpio) indicated similar rates of glucose utilization in red muscle .